Sayyiduna Muhammed ( صلى الله عليه وسلم) is closest to the believers and their mawla

The Qur’an says:

{The Prophet is closer to the believers than their ownselves} [Quran 33:6]

Imam al-Mawardi comments on the meaning of this verse:

الرابع: أنه أولى بهم في قضاء ديونهم وإسعافهم في نوائبهم على ما رواه عبد الرحمن بن أبي عمرة عن أبي هريرة قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: ” مَا مِن مُؤمنٍ إِلاَّ أَنَا أَولَى النَّاس بِهِ فِي الدُّنيَا وَالآخِرَةِ اقْرَأُوا إِن شِئْتُم { النَّبِيُّ أَوْلَى بِالمُؤْمِنِينَ مِنْ أَنفُسِهِمْ } فَأَيُّمَا مُؤْمِنٍ تَرَكَ مَالاً فَلْتَرِثْهُ عُصْبَتُهُ مَن كَانُوا، وَإِن تَرَكَ دَيناً أَوْ ضِيَاعاً فَلْيَأْتِنِي فَأَنَا مَوْلاَهُ “.

He says that the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم  is closer to the believers in that he pays their debts and aids in their difficulties and then relates the following narration :

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, “There is no believer but I, of all the people, I am the closest to him both in this world and in the Hereafter. Recite if you wish: ‘The Prophet is closer to the believers than their own selves.’ (33.6) so if a believer (dies) leaves some property then his relatives will inherit that property; but if he is in debt or he leaves poor children, let those come to me, for them I am his protector (mawla).

Several points to be noted here:

1) That being closest to the believers is inclusive of the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم being closest in removing their difficulties or aiding them.

2) That this status of the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم is maintained in both this world as well as the hereafter, as the narration clearly says.

3) That the believers can to come to the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم in their difficulties as in the narration “let them come to me”.

4) And that the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم is a mawla (protector) to the believers and is therefore is again one of the meanings of the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم being closest to their believers than their own selves.


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