Imam Ibn Qudamah al-Maqdisi al-Hanbali (d. 624H) recommends tawassul

mughniibnqudamah

Shaykh ul-Islam, Imaam Muwaffaq ud-Deen Ibn Qudaamah, may Allah have Mercy on him, indeed encouraged tawassul, and even calling upon the Prophet [Sal Allahu ‘alayhi wasallam] in his great encyclopedia of fiqh, al-Mughni, when he said:

“It is praiseworthy to visit the grave of the Prophet [sal Allahu ‘alayhi wasallam] due to what has been collected by Imaam ad-Daraqutni when he mentioned the chain of transmission from Ibn ‘Umar, who quoted the Messenger of Allah [sal Allahu ‘alayhi wasallam], as saying: “Whoever made the Hajj, then visited my grave after my death, it is as if he had visited me in my life”. There is also another narration similar to this, which reads: “Whoever visited my grave, it is necessary that my intercession be for him”. This wording has been related from Sa’id, who narrated from Hafs Ibn Sulaiman from Laith from Mujaahid from Ibn ‘Umar, and Ahmad said in the narration of ‘Abdullah from Yazid ibn Qusait from Abu Hurayrah that the Prophet [sal Allahu alayhi wasallam] said: “There is none that greets me at my grave except Allah returns my soul in order to greet him”.

When one is making Hajj having not done it before – as they are coming from outside Shaam – he would not go to Madinah first, as it is feared that something may happen to him. Rather it is necessary that he sets out for Makkah first in the quickest time possible and does not preoccupy himself with anywhere else.

al-‘Utbi said:

“I was sitting at the grave of the Messenger of Allah [Sal Allahu ‘alayhi wasallam] when a Bedouin came and said: “as-Salaamu ‘alayka Yaa Rasul Allah, I have heard Allah say…[then he recited Surah an-Nisa’a ayah 64”

Whereas in another narration, it is said the Bedouin said:  “You are the best of all the Messengers! Allah sent the Book to you in truth and He said in that book: {If, when they had wronged themselves, they had only come to you and asked forgiveness of Allah, and the Messenger had asked forgiveness for them, they would have found Allah forgiving and Merciful} Surat un-Nisaa’ [4], ayah 64. I have come to you seeking forgiveness for my sin, seeking intercession with you to my Lord. Then the Bedouin said:

“I call upon the best, the one who his body is buried deep within the earth;

the depth and the height f your place have become sweetened;

for the grave you inhabit, let me be the ransom;

and in the grave is found purity, bounty and much nobility and goodness!’ .

After that the Bedouin tuned and left then I fell asleep. I saw the holy Prophet [sal Allahu ‘alayhi wasallam] in a dream, and he said “Utbi! The Bedouin spoke the truth, so go and give him the news that Allah has forgiven his sins”. I went out to find him but I did not see him.

It is praiseworthy that whoever enters the masjid enters with his right foot then says “In the name of Allah and peace and blessings be upon the Messenger of Allah, O Allah peace be upon Muhammad, the family of Muhammad and have mercy and forgive me, and open the doors of your mercy to me”. When he exits the masjid he should say something like that and say:

“Open the doors of your virtue for me”, due to what has been narrated by Fatimah, the daughter of the Messenger of Allah [sal Allahu alayhi wasallam] as he taught her these words upon entering the masjid.

Upon reaching the grave, he turns his back to the Qiblah, faces the grave, then says,

“as-Salaamu ‘Alayka ayyuhan-Nabi wa rahmahtuh wa barakatuhu, as-Salaamu ‘alayka Yaa Nabi, the best from all of His creation and servants…I bear witness that there is no deity but Allah and He is alone without having any partner. I bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and Messenger…I bear witness that you have conveyed all the messages of your Lord, you advised you Ummah, called to the path of your Lord with wisdom and good admonition, you worshipped Allah until came to you the certainty… May the abundant blessings of Allah be upon you, just as He loves and is pleased to give, Yaa Allah! Reward our Prophet [sal Allahu ‘alayhi wasallam] with a better reward than any other Prophets that have came before him. Give the the praiseworthy station you have promised, making him the leader of the first and the last. O Allah! Peace and blessings be upon Muhammad, the family of Muhammad, just as you send blessings on Ibraheem and the family of Ibraheem, you are the Praised and the Majestic. Peace and blessings be upon Muhammad just as you sent peace and blessings upon Ibrahim and his family, you are the praised, the Majestic. Yaa Allah! You spoke and your word is true….[and then recite the ayah]: {If, when they had wronged themselves, they had only come to you and asked forgiveness of Allah, and the Messenger had asked forgiveness for them, they would have found Allah forgiving and Merciful} Surat un-Nisaa’ [4], ayah 64.  I have come to you seeking forgiveness for my sins, seeking to make intercession with you to my Lord. I ask you O Lord, let there be granted for me intercession and forgiveness, just as you had granted it for whoever came to him in his lifetime. Ya Allah! Make him to be the first of those to make intercession, the most perfect of those who ask you, the most noble of the last and the first. Ya Allah, of this we ask by Your Mercy, as You are indeed the Most Merciful!”

He should then pray for his parents, siblings and for the rest of the Muslims. He should them move down a hand-span and say “as-Salaamu ‘alayka Yaa Abu Bakr as-Sideeq, as-Salaamu ‘alayka Yaa Umar al-Faruq, peace be upon both of you. The two companions of the Messenger of Allah [sal Allahu ‘alayhi wasallam], his intimate friends and ministers, may the Mercy of Allah and His blessings be upon both of you.

Ya Allah! Reward them both from the virtue of their Prophet [sal allahu ‘alyhi wasallam], Islam, peace be upon you, by remaining steadfast…. Ya Allah! Do not make this my last visit to the grave of Your Prophet [sal allahu ‘alayhi wassalam] or the sanctity of Your masjid. You are the Most Merciful, and show the most Mercy. [1]

“I heard one of the authorities whom I have met say: “It has reached us that whoever stands at the Prophet’s grave and recites: “Allah and His angels send blessings on the Prophet…” (33:56) and then says: “May Allah bless you, O Muhammad” (sallallahu `alayka  Yaa Muhammad) seventy times, an angel will call him saying: May Allah bless you, O So-and-so; none of your needs will be left unfulfilled.” Ibn al-Jawzi has narrated this hadeeth in in Muthir al-gharam p. 487, and also Qadi `Iyad in his ash-Shifa’, and Bayhaqi in Shu`ab al-iman (#4169).

Source

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3 comments

  1. hafidh shaykh-ul-islam ibn qudamah al-maqdisi says:

    ولأن تخصيص القبور بالصلاة عندها يشبه تعظيم الأصنام بالسجود لها ، والتقرب إليها ، وقد روينا أن ابتداء عبادة الأصنام تعظيم الأموات ، باتخاذ صورهم ، ومسحها ، والصلاة عندها .

    “The special treatment of graves by means of praying by them is similar to the veneration of idols by prostrating oneself before them and wishing to draw near to them. And it is narrated that idol worship began initially by praising the dead by taking their pictures and wiping them and praying over them.

    [Al Mughni, Kitab al-Janaiz Vol 2 page 193]

    can you answer this?

    1. This is regarding the well known position of scholars on the prohibition of doing salat facing the grave or taking the grave as Qiblah as well as about the prohibition of prostrating to graves. There is no dispute about this. However this has nothing to do with Tawassul.

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