Imam Burhan ad-Din Ibn Muflih al-Hanbali (d. 884) recommends tawassul

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Imam Burhan ad-Din Ibn Muflih al-Hanbali (d. 884) in his book “al Mubdi fi sharh Mughni” writes in the Chapter of Hajj:

[اسْتِحْبَابُ زِيَارَةِ قَبْرِ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ]

(وَإِذَا فَرَغَ مِنَ الْحَجِّ اسْتُحِبَّ لَهُ زِيَارَةُ قَبْرِ النَّبِيِّ – صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ) لِمَا رَوَى ابْنُ عُمَرَ أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ – صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ – قَالَ: «مَنْ زَارَ قَبْرِي وَجَبَتْ لَهُ شَفَاعَتِي» . رَوَاهُ الدَّارَقُطْنِيُّ مِنْ طُرُقٍ، وَرُوِيَ أَيْضًا عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ مَرْفُوعًا: «مِنْ حَجَّ فَزَارَ قَبْرِي بَعْدَ وَفَاتِي كَانَ كَمَنْ زَارَنِي فِي حَيَاتِي» وَفِي رِوَايَةٍ وَصَحِبَنِي، فَظَاهِرُهُ أَنَّهُ بَعْدَ الرُّجُوعِ مُطْلَقًا، لَكِنْ نَقَلَ أَبُو طَالِبٍ إِذَا حَجَّ لِلْفَرْضِ لَمْ يَمُرَّ بِالْمَدِينَةِ؛ لِأَنَّهُ إِنْ حَدَثَ بِهِ حَدَثُ الْمَوْتِ كَانَ فِي سَبِيلِ الْحَجِّ، وَإِنْ كَانَ تَطَوُّعًا بَدَأَ بِالْمَدِينَةِ فَيُسَلِّمُ عَلَيْهِ، لِمَا رَوَى أَبُو دَاوُدَ عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ مَرْفُوعًا: «مَا مِنْ أَحَدٍ يُسَلِّمُ عَلَيَّ إِلَّا رَدَّ اللَّهُ عَلَيَّ رُوحِي حَتَّى أَرُدَّ – عَلَيْهِ السَّلَامُ -» . وَظَاهِرُهُ أَنَّ هَذِهِ الْفَضِيلَةَ تَحْصُلُ لِكُلِّ مُسْلِمٍ قَرِيبًا كَانَ أَوْ بَعِيدًا، لَكِنْ قَالَ أَحْمَدُ فِي رِوَايَةِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ، عَنْ يَزِيدَ بْنِ قُسَيْطٍ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ مَرْفُوعًا: «مَا مِنْ أَحَدٍ يُسَلِّمُ عَلَيَّ عِنْدَ قَبْرِي» فَهَذِهِ الزِّيَادَةُ مُقْتَضَاهَا التَّخْصِيصُ، وَرُوِيَ عَنِ الْعُتْبِيِّ قَالَ: كُنْتُ جَالِسًا عِنْدَ قَبْرِ النَّبِيِّ – صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ – فَجَاءَ أَعْرَابِيٌّ فَقَالَ: السَّلَامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ سَمِعْتُ اللَّهَ يَقُولُ {وَلَوْ أَنَّهُمْ إِذْ ظَلَمُوا أَنْفُسَهُمْ جَاءُوكَ فَاسْتَغْفَرُوا اللَّهَ وَاسْتَغْفَرَ لَهُمُ الرَّسُولُ لَوَجَدُوا اللَّهَ تَوَّابًا رَحِيمًا} [النساء: 64] وَقَدْ جِئْتُكَ مُسْتَغْفِرًا مِنْ ذَنْبِي مُسْتَشْفِعًا بِكَ إِلَى رَبِّي.
ثُمَّ أَنْشَدَ يَقُولُ:
يَا خَيْرَ مَنْ دُفِنَتْ بِالْقَاعِ أَعْظُمُهُ … فَطَابَ مَنْ طيبِهِنَّ الْقَاعُ وَالْأَكَمُ
نَفْسِي الْفِدَاءُ لِقَبْرٍ أَنْتَ سَاكِنُهُ … فِيهِ الْعَفَافُ وَفِيهِ الْجُودُ وَالْكَرَمُ

ثُمَّ انْصَرَفَ الْأَعْرَابِيُّ فَغَلَبَتْنِي عَيْنِي فَنِمْتُ فَرَأَيْتُ النَّبِيَّ – صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ – فَقَالَ: يَا عُتْبِيُّ الْحَقِ الْأَعْرَابِيَّ، وَبشِّرْهُ أَنَّ اللَّهَ قَدْ غَفَرَ لَهُ 

http://shamela.ws/browse.php/book-21619/page-1123

Rough translation:

[Recommended to visit the tomb of the Prophet صَلَّى اللَّه عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ]

(When the pilgrimage has been completed, it is recommended for him to visit the Prophet – peace be upon him) As narrated by Ibn Umar that the Prophet – صَلَّى اللَّه عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ – said: <<He who visits my grave is assured of my intercession>>. Narrated from Al-Daraqutni through different routes and also from Ibn Umar in marfoo form: <<He who performs pilgrimage then visits my grave after my death, is like those who visited me during my lifetime>> …(…)…If he chooses to begin (the pilgrimage) from Madinah he should greet him (صَلَّى اللَّه عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ) because it is narrated from Abu Dawud in marfoo form: <<No one greets me except that Allah returns my soul and i reply to it>>…(…)…And it is narrated from al-Utbi: “I was sitting at the grave of the Messenger of Allah – صَلَّى اللَّه عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ – when a Bedouin came and said: “as-Salaamu ‘alayka Yaa Rasul Allah, I have heard Allah say {If, when they had wronged themselves, they had only come to you and asked forgiveness of Allah, and the Messenger had asked forgiveness for them, they would have found Allah forgiving and Merciful}[Q 4:64] I have come to you seeking forgiveness for my sin, seeking intercession with you to my Lord. Then the Bedouin said:

O best of those whose bones are buried in the deep earth, 
And from whose fragrance the depth 
and the height have become sweet, 
May I be the ransom for a grave which thou inhabit, 
And in which are found purity, bounty and munificence!

 

Then he left, and I dozed and saw the Prophet in my sleep. He said to me: “O `Utbi, run after the Beduin and give him glad tidings that Allah has forgiven him.”

 

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